1 a professional performer who tells jokes and performs comical acts [syn: comic]
2 an actor in a comedy
A comedian (m), comedienne (f), or comic, is a comic performer who seeks to entertain an audience, primarily by making them laugh. This might be through jokes or amusing situations, or acting the fool, as in slapstick, or employing prop comedy. A comedian who stands alone and addresses an audience directly is called a stand-up comic.
A comedian can be distinguished from a clown because clowns most often use slapstick, wear costumes and makeup, and engage in buffoonery, whereas comedians most often focus on a more verbal style of humor, telling jokes.
A popular saying, variously quoted but generally attributed to Ed Wynn, is, "A comic says funny things; a comedian says things funny," which draws a distinction between how much of the comedy can be attributed to verbal content and how much to acting and persona.
Since the late 1980s, a new wave of comedy, called alternative comedy, grew in popularity with its more offbeat and experimental style. This normally involves more experiential, or observational reporting, e.g. Andy Kaufman, Alexei Sayle and Malcolm Hardee. Alternative comedy is now arguably the mainstream.
As far as content is concerned, comedians such as Tommy Tiernan draw on their background to poke fun at themselves, while others such as Bill Maher and George Carlin have strong political and cultural undertones.
Many comics achieve a cult following while touring famous comedy hubs such as the Just for Laughs festival in Montreal, the Edinburgh Fringe, and Melbourne Comedy Festival in Australia. Often a comic's career advances significantly when they win a notable comedy award, such as the now defunct Perrier Award. Comics typically survive by continuous touring and foray into other areas of entertainment, such as film and television, when they have become much better known.
comedian in Danish: Komiker
comedian in German: Komiker
comedian in Spanish: Comedia
comedian in French: Humoriste
comedian in Korean: 희극인
comedian in Hebrew: קומיקאי
comedian in Macedonian: Комичар
comedian in Dutch: Komiek
comedian in Japanese: コメディアン
comedian in Polish: Komik
comedian in Russian: Комик
comedian in Albanian: Komedian
comedian in Simple English: Comedian
comedian in Slovak: Komik
comedian in Finnish: Koomikko
comedian in Swedish: Komiker
comedian in Turkish: Komedyen
comedian in Chinese: 喜劇演員
banana, buffoon, burlesquer, card, caricaturist, choreographer, clown, comedienne, comic, cutup, dramatist, dramatizer, dramaturge, droll, epigrammatist, farcer, farceur, farceuse, farcist, fool, funnyman, gag writer, gagman, gagster, genteel comedian, hoke comic, humorist, ironist, jester, joke writer, joker, jokesmith, jokester, lampooner, librettist, light comedian, low comedian, madcap, melodramatist, mimographer, monodramatist, parodist, play doctor, play fixer, playwright, playwriter, prankster, punner, punster, quipster, reparteeist, satirist, scenario writer, scenarioist, scenarist, scriptwriter, slapstick comedian, stand-up comic, tragedian, wag, wagwit, wisecracker, wit, witling, zany